Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (hereafter, Sri Lanka) concluded its 26 years-long internal war with Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in May 2009. During the internal war, up to 40,000 civilians were reportedly killed in the war zones and 290,000 persons were internally displaced. Furthermore, both the State military and LTTE are accused for a series of serious violations of the international humanitarian and human rights law. However, domestic accountability processes established under the former-President Mahinda Rajapaksa regime have failed to lead to prosecutions for grave human rights violations, including the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC).
In March 2014, the UN Human Rights Council adopted a resolution on “Promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka (A/HRC/25/L.1/Rev.1)”, which requested the Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to investigate into alleged serious violations of human rights and related crimes committed by the Government and the LTTE during the period covered by the LLRC. This is the first credible investigation into what happened in the final stage of the internal war. This OHCHR Investigation on Sri Lanka (OISL) report was released in September 2015 at the 30th session of the Human Rights Council.
Peacebuilding and Human Rights Advocacy
With its partners, the IMADR Asia Committee has facilitated awareness raising campaigns and advocacy to promote peace, human rights and non-discrimination. Victim-centered approaches are applied for those campaigns and advocacy. Since before the conclusion of the internal war, the Committee has conducted fact-finding missions to document human rights violations, especially in the Eastern and Northern provinces. Through these activities, the Committee helped to form women’s groups in local villages which have empowered girls and women to participate in decision-making processes and promote ethnic and religious harmony.
International Advocacy and the UN Human Rights Mechanisms
To bring voices of victims of human rights violations from Sri Lanka, IMADR has participated in the UN human rights mechanisms, with particular focus on the Human Rights Council . It has addressed a wide range of issues including accountability, enforced disappearance, torture, IDPs, rule of law, arbitrary detention, civil society space, women’s human rights, minority rights, freedom of religion or belief, freedom of expression and assembly. IMADR has tirelessly advocated for the resolutions on Sri Lanka adopted by the Human Rights Council.
- Human Rights Council resolutions on Sri Lanka
At times of review of Sri Lanka, IMADR has engaged with the UN treaty bodies such as the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), Human Rights Committee and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). The Asia Committee produced the guidebook on ICERD/CERD in Shinhalese and Tamil and provided training for local civil society actors and human rights defenders.
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
With a focus on girls and women, the Asia Committee has provided assistance to IDPs and people affected by the internal war. More than 5 years after the conclusion of the internal war, a great number of IDPs are still waiting to return home while many of them continue to suffer poverty. UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons conducted an official visit to Sri Lanka in 2013 and documented the situation of IDPs. The Asia Committee has carried out both advocacy and assistance work which include:
- Infrastructure reconstruction (nursery, toilet and buildings) in Polonnaruwa and Dambulla;
- Distribution of educational and livelihood materials in Vavuniya, Kilinochi and Mankulam; and
- Rehabilitation of former-LTTE female soldiers in Vavuniya with a partner organisation.
Discrimination based on Work and Descent
With partnership of Human Development Organisation (HDO) , the Asia Committee has cooperated for advocacy and research to improve the living conditions of tea plantation workers whose ancestors were mostly Dalits brought from South India during the British colonial time. Today, many plantation workers continue to work as day laborers in adverse conditions and suffer poverty.
IMADR Asia Committee was set up in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 1989. Since the establishment, the Committee and its partners have addressed multiple forms of discrimination in Sri Lanka through national and international advocacy, arising out of its engagement with communities to combat racism. Leadership of the Asia Committee has been involved in inter-ethnic and inter-religious activities for over 25 years at the community level, as well as in the promotion of reconciliation among all communities.
- ・Sri Lanka: Issues of land and sea grabbing on minorities brought to UN
- ・Sri Lanka: Joint civil society letter on reprisals against human rights defenders
- ・UPR28: Joint civil society submissions on human rights in Japan and Sri Lanka
- ・“Truth must be revealed and acknowledged by the State”, a key demand for transitional justice in Sri Lanka (20 March 2017)
- ・Sri Lanka’s transitional justice and reconciliation at a crossroads (HRC34, 2017, OS)
- ・“Minority women’s voices should be heard for transitional justice”, joint message to Sri Lanka (17 March 2017)
- ・Minorities in Sri Lanka’s transitional justice (HRC34, 2017, OS)
- ・HRC34 Side Event: Report of Consultation Task Force and Human Rights Challenges in Sri Lanka (3 pm, 20 March)
- ・HRC34 Side Event: Women’s and Minority Rights in Sri Lanka’s Transitional Justice Process (4:30 pm, 17 March)
- ・Sri Lanka’s slow progress in transitional justice (HRC34, 2017, WS)
- ・Sri Lanka: Civil society urge international community to continue scrutiny
- ・Sri Lanka: Civil society demands no delay in accountability
- ・Sri Lanka: UN expert calls for establishment of Independent Commission on Minorities
- ・“More needs to be done”, message to Sri Lanka to heal wounds from enforced disappearances (20 September 2016)
- ・Enforced and involuntary disappearances in Sri Lanka (HRC33, 2016, OS)
- ・Racist hate speech in politics, caste discrimination in India and Nepal, transitional justice in Sri Lanka (HRC33, 2016, OS)
- ・HRC 33 Side Event: Enforced Disappearances in Sri Lanka (1 pm, 20 September)
- ・Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances in Sri Lanka (HRC33, 2016, WS)
- ・Sri Lanka: Government adopted law to establish the Office of Missing Persons (OMP) as the first transitional justice mechanism
- ・PRESS RELEASE: Sri Lanka must take immediate action to combat racial discrimination by implementing UN recommendations
- ・Racial and caste discrimination in Sri Lanka (CERD90, 2016, OS)
- ・Publication: “BUSYBODY FOR PEACE: The Life and Work of Nimalka Fernando of Sri Lanka”
- ・Sri Lanka: Discrimination against tea plantation Tamils reported to UN
- ・“Confidence has to be built for accountability and good governance in Sri Lanka”, civil society alerts UN Human Rights Council
- ・Transitional justice challenges in Sri Lanka (HRC32, 2016, OS)
- ・HRC 32 Side Event: Accountability and Good Governance in Sri Lanka (4:30 pm, 24 June)
- ・Sri Lanka: NGOs’ open letter on UN High Commissioner for Human Rights’ oral update at 32nd session of Human Rights Council
- ・“Challenges of Transitional Justice in Sri Lanka”, UN Human Rights Council must stay engaged (17 March)
- ・High Commissioner’s visit and transitional justice in Sri Lanka (HRC31, 2016, Joint-OS)
- ・HRC 31 Side Event: Challenges of Transitional Justice in Sri Lanka (4:30 pm, 17 March)
- ・Freedom of Expression in Sri Lanka (HRC31, 2016, WS)
- ・Freedom of Assembly in Sri Lanka (HRC31, 2016, WS)
- ・Sri Lanka: Civil society expresses serious concern on President Sirisena’s statement on exclusion of foreign personnel in transitional justice mechanims
- ・Sri Lanka: Civil society activists and organisations urge the government to implement the UN Human Rights Council resolution
- ・“Civil Society Responses to the OHCHR report on Sri Lanka”, calling the participation of international community in transitional justice processes (28 September)
- ・“Enforced Disappearances in Sri Lanka”, the island’s culture of impunity was revealed at UN Human Rights Council (18 September 2015)
- ・Centre for Policy Alternatives (CPA)
- ・Human Development Organization (HDO)
- ・IMADR Asia Committee
- ・Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
- ・OHCHR Investigation on Sri Lanka
- ・Rights Now Collective for Democracy