Upholding the Rights of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples
The focus areas of IMADR include upholding the rights of minorities and indigenous peoples. We aim to empower them from the grassroots level to make their voices heard at national, regional and international levels. In particular, we support the participation of minority and indigenous representatives in the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) , the Human Rights Council and its relevant bodies. Previously, we closely followed the development of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People (UNDRIP) . The UNDRIP was adopted by the General Assembly on 13th September 2007, which spells out a wide range of individual and collective rights including the freedom from discrimination, right to self-determination and free, prior and informed consent.
Roma is the largest minority group in Europe where they moved from northwest India in the late Middle Ages. While Roma in Europe live in different countries, social environments and cultures, it is common among them that they have historically been persecuted and discriminated against as marginalised communities in Europe.
Roma were victims of the Holocaust. Nazis labelled them as the “inferior race” and sent them to concentration camps including Auschwitz. In the course of the Holocaust, a total of 500,000 Roma were killed. The Central Council of German Sinti and Roma , a partner of IMADR, played a core role to have finally made the German government admit its responsibility to the tragedy of Sinti and Roma during the Nazi regime.
The stereotyped attitude and prejudice against Roma has deeply rooted in people’s mind, and majority of them live in difficult situations in their respective countries in Europe treated unequally and unduly in the areas of education, employment, housing and others. With the increasing influence of neo-Nazi and extremist groups in Europe, Roma are being targeted for persecution and exclusion from society.
IMADR takes actions against racist and inhumane policies, measures or incidents against Roma through the advocacy work or protest actions at the international, regional and national levels.
Ainu peoples have inhabited the far north island of Japan, Hokkaido, and its surrounding areas for centuries. Since the establishment of the organisation, IMADR has partnered with the Ainu Association of Hokkaido to demand the Government of Japan to protect and promote their indigenous rights. On the occasion of the adoption of the UNDRIP, the Government passed “the resolution to recognize the Ainu as indigenous peoples” in both the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors which set up the Experts Advisory Panel. In 2009, with the report of the Panel, the Council for Ainu Policy Promotion was established within the Cabinet Secretariat. However, the Council, which is composed of less than half of Ainu representatives, has a limited scope and focuses on the preservation of Ainu culture and history. Critical questions on the rights of Ainu peoples such as the lower socio-economic status of Ainu, the restoration of the language, the right to land and natural resources remain unaddressed.
Okinawa is composed of a group of small islands located in the East China Sea. Before it was forcibly annexed by the Government of Japan in 1879, the islands had been governed by an independent kingdom (Ryukyu Kingdom) since 1429 with distinct culture, diverse religions and languages. The Government implemented assimilation policies in Okinawa which forced the islanders to use the Japanese language and banned to practice religious and other forms of cultural traditions. After the Pacific War, Okinawa came under the US control for 20 years until 1972. During the period, various human rights abuses and the confiscation of the land to build military bases and facilities took place. Although the islands are no longer under the US rule, 74 % of the US military bases are stationed in the islands which consist of only 0.6 % of the land area of Japan. UN anti-racism body (CERD) has consistently recommended the Government to recognise the people of Ryukyu/Okinawa as indigenous peoples and protect their rights, culture and languages . In partnership with the Association of the Indigenous Peoples in the Ryukyus (AIPR), All-Okinawa Council and others, IMADR continuously brings their voices to national, regional and international levels.
Latin America Base
Our Latin America Base in Argentina has a long history of supporting indigenous communities for non-violent conflict resolution. Through various activities including advocacy and workshops, it has contributed to self-empowerment of indigenous peoples and the realisation of their rights. The Latin America Base has developed partnerships with indigenous communities and groups, churches, national, regional and international human rights/ peace organisations.
Currently, the Latin America Base focuses on following areas:
- Providing support to the historical claims and negotiations of the Mapuche peoples on the issue of the contamination of their land, and help them to monitor the fulfillment of achievements agreed in negotiations;
- Providing legal support to Mapuche peoples’ struggle against environmental damages hydraulic fracturing for oil and shale gas in the south of Argentina;
- Study on the indigenous language and culture of Toba/ Qom peoples;
- Educational support to high school students with migration background;
- Empowerment of Guaraní peoples in the River Plate region for communal harmony;
- Contribution and participation in the planning of consultations and researches on trafficking of persons in the River Plate;
- Workshops with Black communities of Uruguay on conflict management and prevention;
- Awareness raising on human rights of Bolivian migrants; and
- Promotion of the right to peace .
- ・Racial discrimination in migration (GCM 1st Thematic Discussion, 2017, OS)
- ・UN: Apply Indigenous Peoples’ Fund to attend CERD and other UN human rights sessions (July – September 2017)
- ・UPR28: Joint civil society submissions on human rights in Japan and Sri Lanka
- ・“Minority women’s voices should be heard for transitional justice”, joint message to Sri Lanka (17 March 2017)
- ・Racial profiling and incitement to hatred in migration (HRC34, 2017, OS)
- ・Minorities in Sri Lanka’s transitional justice (HRC34, 2017, OS)
- ・HRC34 Side Event: Report of Consultation Task Force and Human Rights Challenges in Sri Lanka (3 pm, 20 March)
- ・Arbitrary arrests and detention of human rights defender of Ryukyu/ Okinawa, Japan (HRC34, 2017, Joint-OS)
- ・HRC34 Side Event: Women’s and Minority Rights in Sri Lanka’s Transitional Justice Process (4:30 pm, 17 March)
- ・Bangladesh: Attacks on human rights in February documented
- ・Japan: Silencing the voices of Okinawans
- ・APPEAL: Request Japan for the Release of Mr. Yamashiro Hiroji
- ・Japan: CERD demands further actions to tackle racial discrimination
- ・Bangladesh: Attacks on human rights in October documented
- ・Sri Lanka: UN expert calls for establishment of Independent Commission on Minorities
- ・Japan: Targeted attack on freedom of expression in Okinawa
- ・Racial discrimination against African Americans (HRC33, 2016, Joint-OS)
- ・Freedom of expression in Ryukyu/ Okinawa, Japan (HRC33, 2016, Joint-OS)
- ・Racist hate speech in politics, caste discrimination in India and Nepal, transitional justice in Sri Lanka (HRC33, 2016, OS)
- ・Suppression of the rights of the Ryukyuan/Okinawan indigenous people (HRC33, 2016, Joint-WS)
- ・Bangladesh: Attacks on human rights in August documented
- ・PRESS RELEASE: Sri Lanka must take immediate action to combat racial discrimination by implementing UN recommendations
- ・Racial and caste discrimination in Sri Lanka (CERD90, 2016, OS)
- ・Sri Lanka: Discrimination against tea plantation Tamils reported to UN
- ・Xenophobia against vulnerable groups (HRC32, 2016, OS)
- ・Human rights in Bangladesh and civil society space of the Human Rights Council (HRC32, 2016, OS)
- ・Freedom of peaceful assembly in Okinawa, Japan (HRC32, 2016, OS)
- ・Argentina: UN Special Rapporteur on racism calls for immediate actions to protect indigenous peoples
- ・Bangladesh: Attacks on human rights in April documented
- ・Japan: UN expert expressed concern on restrictive measures on freedom of expression in Okinawa
- ・Video: “Is there racial discrimination in Japan?”
- ・Human Rights Violations in Okinawa, Japan (HRC31, 2016, Joint-OS)
- ・Human Rights Violations in Okinawa, Japan (HRC31, 2016, Joint-WS)
- ・Japan: CEDAW call for the protection and promotion of the rights of indigenous and minority women
- ・UN: Apply to Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Peoples to attend UN meetings in June – September 2016
- ・Japan: Minority and indigenous women report their challenges to UN CEDAW Committee
- ・Apply to Voluntary Fund for Indigenous Peoples to attend UN meetings in April – June 2016
- ・“Militarization and Human Rights Violations in Okinawa, Japan”, the islands’ voice to UN Human Rights Council (21 September)
- ・Argentina: Universal Culture of Peace and Human Security – Peace as a Human Right
- ・Dalit rights in new Constitution in Nepal and human rights violations in Ryukyu/Okinawa (HRC30, 2015, OS)
- ・Human Rights Violations in Okinawa, Japan (HRC30, 2015, Joint-WS)
- ・HRC 30 Side Event: Militarization and Human Rights Violations in Okinawa, Japan (11am, 21 September)
- ・Japan: Civil society group updated the UN anti-racism body on the lack of State measures to counter racial discrimination
- ・CERD adopted concluding observations of Colombia, Costa Rica, Niger, Suriname, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Czech Republic, Norway and the Netherlands (28 August 2015)
- ・Anti-racism organisations addressed racial discrimination in past and present (Paris, 18 April)
- ・Biased Rule of Law and Racial Discrimination in the US
- ・Hate speech and discrimination against minorities in Japan (FMI 7th, 2014, OS)
- ・Indigenous peoples’ access to justice in Nepal (HRC 27th, 2014, Joint-OS)
- ・Indigenous peoples and natural disaster risk reduction in Nepal (HRC 27th, 2014, Joint-OS)
- ・IMADR submitted a request to the Government of Sri Lanka to protect human rights of Muslims
- ・Ainu Association of Hokkaido
- ・Central Council of German Sinti and Roma
- ・Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)